By David Greentree
Osprey Raid sequence #15
At the peak of the Seven Years' warfare, nice Britain made an audacious strike on the middle of Spanish colonial energy within the Caribbean. amassing troops from bases in Britain and Canada and crusing around the Atlantic in secrecy was once a tremendous feat. The raid on Havana took Spanish colonial forces thoroughly all of sudden and following vicious struggling with, town defences at El Moro collapsed. Havana, the jewel within the Spanish colonial crown, now belonged to Britain. The luck of the raid prompted British army coverage for hundreds of years because the actual power of amphibious war used to be learned. writer David Greentree tracks each element of the raid from its origins to the seige and attack of El Morro. each one part is observed by means of complete colour illustrations from Donato Spedaliere and Giuseppe Rava in addition to maps, photos, and interval artwork.
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Extra info for A Far-Flung Gamble - Havana 1762
Three 24-pdrs are added on 9 July. 4 Dixon's (233) Opens 1 ( o r i g i n a l l y with two l O i n m o r t a r s twelve 5in m o r t a r s ) , c o n v e r t e d r e o p e n s 9 J u l y (five 2 4 - p d r s a n d lOin mortars). BRITISH BATTERIES « 1 A Beach Mortar (500) - Opens 24 June (two 13in mortars, one lOin mortar, fourteen 5in mortars). Moves forward to I B . and then to the Stone Redoubt at 1C (320). July and and two 5 F u z e r ' s ( 3 2 0 ) - Opens 1 1 J u l y ( o r i g i n a l l y 12-pdrs, destroyed by gunfire on 13 J u l y and 2 4 - p d r s probably installed) 6 Durnford's (290) - Opens 13 July (four 32-pdrs) 7 Valiant's (290) - Opens 17 July (four 32-pdrs) 2 Grand (192) - Opens 1 July (eight 24-pdrs and two 15in mortars).
The attack had been a desperate failure and its repulse must have been a relief to the British, but the work on the mines - slow, dangerous, and arduous - pressed on. The batteries continued to give covering fire, some of which bore fruit. Mackellar told how on 26 July a 'merchant-frigate of two decks [the Perla], which had annoyed the British, was sunk by a howitzer from Dixon's battery'. On 28 July another 'large merchant ship of the enemy's caught fire by 55 Havana 1762 J U N E 29 1762 The f i r s t S p a n i s h sortie lightning, within the harbour, and blew up in about ten minutes'.
Not all the troops were ordered there, however. Howe was told to continue with two grenadier battalions through the Cojimar wood up the slope to El Morro, and by the evening would begin to probe La Cabana ridge. At Guanabacoa, Albemarle ran into more opposition than he expected. 00pm he came across a Spanish force deployed on rising ground near the village that included 300 horse from the Edinburgh dragoons and several companies of infantry with a larger force of militia. Robertson described how the cavalry threatened to charge into the British line when they 'marched up in very good order at a slow gallop but retreated upon our people giving them a fire'.
A Far-Flung Gamble - Havana 1762 by David Greentree