By Martin Kitchen

ISBN-10: 1405100400

ISBN-13: 9781405100403

ISBN-10: 1405150319

ISBN-13: 9781405150316

This enticing textbook offers a large survey of contemporary German background from 1800-2000, and situates Germany’s fragmented previous inside of its complete context. Kitchen:Provides readers a protracted view of German background, permitting them to see continuities and alterations Covers the unification of Germany, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the 3rd Reich, the Federal Republic, the cave in of Communism, and the re-unification Examines cultural background in addition to political and financial background comprises insurance of local background instead of targeting the dominant position of Prussia

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Yorck took no notice and cooperated with Stein in recruiting soldiers in East Prussia to fight the French. The king continued to dither, negotiating first with the French then, urged on by the patriotic forces, with Austria and Russia. Finally at the end of February 1813 he signed an alliance with Russia GERMANY UNDER NAPOLEON 25 whereby he agreed to cede part of Prussia’s Polish provinces to Russia in return for territorial compensation elsewhere in Germany. He responded to a wave of patriotic enthusiasm by announcing a people’s war in his appeal “To My People,” calling for universal military service and organizing volunteer units known as the Free Corps, made up largely of the urban middle class.

The Russians were adamantly opposed to this suggestion, and Frederick William III, anxious not to antagonize his ally, ordered Hardenberg to distance himself from Castelreagh and Metternich. After much acrimonious debate Prussia lost most of its Polish territory to “Congress Poland” and was awarded approximately half of Saxony. Prussia’s gains in the west were even more significant. In order that Prussia should protect Germany’s western frontiers it was given the Rhineland as far as the Saar and the Nahe.

The Prussia of Frederick the Great had been an exemplary absolutist state, an example to the rest of Germany, a European power of consequence. But by 1806 Prussia was lagging behind the southern German states, its sclerotic social order hopelessly out of tune with the times. Reformers, who for years had been urging major changes but who had been blocked by an aristocracy determined to defend its privileges and by a reluctant monarchy, now seized their opportunity. The reformers were inspired by Kant’s lofty concept of individual rights, obligations, and reasoned self-interest that was taken up by such influential figures as Fichte and Pestalozzi.

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A History Of Modern Germany 1800-2000 by Martin Kitchen

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