By Tom Standage
All through human historical past, yes beverages have performed even more than simply quench thirst. As Tom Standage relates with authority and beauty, six of them have had a shockingly pervasive effect at the process heritage, turning into the defining drink in the course of a pivotal old interval.
A heritage of the realm in 6 Glasses tells the tale of humanity from the Stone Age to the twenty first century during the lens of beer, wine, spirits, espresso, tea, and cola. Beer was once first made within the Fertile Crescent and through 3000 B.C.E. used to be so vital to Mesopotamia and Egypt that it was once used to pay wages. In old Greece wine grew to become the most export of her significant seaborne exchange, supporting unfold Greek tradition out of the country. Spirits equivalent to brandy and rum fueled the Age of Exploration, fortifying seamen on lengthy voyages and oiling the pernicious slave alternate. even supposing espresso originated within the Arab international, it stoked progressive inspiration in Europe throughout the Age of cause, while coffeehouses turned facilities of highbrow alternate. And countless numbers of years after the chinese language begun consuming tea, it grew to become specially well known in Britain, with far-reaching results on British international coverage. eventually, although carbonated beverages have been invented in 18th-century Europe they grew to become a 20th-century phenomenon, and Coca-Cola specifically is the top image of globalization.
For Tom Standage, each one drink is one of those know-how, a catalyst for advancing tradition wherein he demonstrates the complicated interaction of alternative civilizations. you'll by no means examine your favourite drink an analogous method back.
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Extra info for A History of the World in 6 Glasses
The saving grace of Tacitus’ annalistic account of the Julio-Claudian and Flavian periods is his willingness to integrate the factual record with his self-aware, retrospective revision of past events in light of his contemporary socio-political context. The job 36 HISTOR Y of the modern reader, of course, is at one and the same time clear-cut and problematic, dependent on how much of the past we can reconstruct from other sources. In Book 14 of the Annals, after recounting the death of the emperor Nero’s mother, Agrippina the Younger, in 59 ce, Tacitus explores the nature of the emperor Nero (the instigator of Agrippina’s murder) and his rule by way of a series of events in the city of Rome and Italy.
Graﬃti provide a similar perspective on turning points in history; namely, from the social periphery of the marginalized or excluded outsider looking toward the elite Roman centre. In 91 bce the so-called Social War between Rome and its discontented Italian allies broke out, and traces of its intensity are still visible within the walls of ancient Pompeii, where Roman bullets and ballista bolts are lodged alongside World War II shrapnel. A series of inscriptions in Oscan, painted on the stone surfaces of walls at street corners, are thought to refer in some way to military operations relating to individual urban districts, giving the location of mustering points in case of an emergency.
The Le Marche cave system was discovered in 1937 by French scientist Leon Pencard. During subsequent excavation (1937–42), researchers found over 1,500 limestone slabs carefully placed on the ﬂoor, into which images were etched, including lions, bears, antelope, horses and 155 lifelike human ﬁgures. 12 In other words, it is possible that, contrary to modern expectations, prehistoric graﬃti artists used the ﬂoor of the La Marche cave (and other cave systems, unknowingly erased during excavation) as the surface of choice for marking ideas more sophisticated that those painted on its walls.
A History of the World in 6 Glasses by Tom Standage