By Marjorie J. McShane
This e-book provides a accomplished conception of ellipsis that helps the formal, cross-lingusitic description of elliptical phenomena. unlike past paintings, this learn specializes in the interconnected components that be certain even if ellipsis may still or shouldn't be utilized in a given context.
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Additional resources for A Theory of Ellipsis
Some examples of property definition and inheritance follow. Each concept is actually defined by an average of 16 properties, both locally specified and inherited from ancestors, so these examples are just snapshots for illustration: is locally specified as - (<> 4, 40) ; a range with the default measure being kilograms (<> 1, 70) inherits from its parent, - -- , , . . inherits from its grandparent, -- , , .
The terms direct valency and reverse valency, while applicable to phenomena found in English, neither come from nor are used in the English literature. Rather, they come from the Russian literature, where they have particular import. For example, if a host holds out a piece of cake to a guest and asks: (14) ∅ Хочешь ∅? ∅ Xoceš’ ∅? ’ the verb implies the presence of both of its complements, which are instances of direct valency. However, if the host is pouring tea and asks his guest: (15) Тебе крепкий ∅?
Or they label them as non-syntactic phenomena and brush them aside, without attempting to find out what kind of nonsyntactic factors are in control. (Kuno 1987: 1–2) Here I integrate the syntactic and discourse/functional approaches to language, attempting to cover the greatest number of phenomena with the most specific, potentially machine-tractable rules possible, while not excluding from the applicationindependent description factors that are less easily formalized. 3. Discourse-oriented languages One way of typologically dividing natural languages is into discourse-oriented and non-discourse-oriented groups.
A Theory of Ellipsis by Marjorie J. McShane