By Franz Valery Marie Cumont

This booklet used to be initially released sooner than 1923, and represents a replica of a tremendous historic paintings, keeping a similar layout because the unique paintings. whereas a few publishers have opted to practice OCR (optical personality acceptance) expertise to the method, we think this results in sub-optimal effects (frequent typographical mistakes, unusual characters and complicated formatting) and doesn't accurately defend the ancient personality of the unique artifact. We think this paintings is culturally vital in its unique archival shape. whereas we attempt to appropriately fresh and digitally increase the unique paintings, there are sometimes cases the place imperfections equivalent to blurred or lacking pages, negative photographs or errant marks can have been brought as a result of both the standard of the unique paintings or the scanning method itself. regardless of those occasional imperfections, we've introduced it again into print as a part of our ongoing worldwide booklet upkeep dedication, offering shoppers with entry to the very best ancient reprints. We savor your figuring out of those occasional imperfections, and clearly desire you get pleasure from seeing the e-book in a structure as shut as attainable to that meant through the unique writer.

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133. Lecture III, pp. 73, 81; VII, p. 181s. Cic, Tusc, I, 13, 24, Lecture VI, p. 151. HISTORICAL I N T R O D U C T I O N 27 vicious man to a gulf into which he falls. A metrical epitaph, found at Pisaurum (Pesaro), hints covertly at the ideas of the school. This commemorates a child who, in spite of his youth, had learnt the dogmas of Pythagoras and read " t h e pious verses of Homer" as well as the philosophers, and had studied in Euclid the sacred science of numbers. His soul, runs the inscription, 70 "goes forward through the gloomy stars of deep Tartarus towards the waters of Acheron/ 9 a sentence which can be under­ stood only on the supposition that Tartarus and Acheron had for the author a figurative meaning and lay in the depths not of the earth hut of the sky.

58 But the first to give new life to the Pythagorean school, which had died in Italy centuries before, was, according to Cicero, his friend, the senator Nigidius Figulus, a curious representative of the scientific religiosity which characterised the sect. This Roman magistrate, a man of singular erudition, was bitten with all the occult sciences. A grammarian, a naturalist and a theolo­ gian, he was also an astrologer and magician and, on occasion, a wonder worker. He did not confine himself to theory but gathered about him a club of the initiate, of whom we cannot say whether they were most attracted by scientific curiosity, by austere morals or hy mystic practices.

20 A F T E R L I F E I N ROMAN PAGANISM survivors liked to think that he who had gone had not entirely perished as long as his remembrance subsisted in the hearts of those who had cherished him and the minds of those who had learnt his praises. In some way, he rose from the grave in the image made of him by the successors of those who had known him. Epicurus himself stipulated in his will that the day of his birth should be commemorated every month, 67 and under the Roman Empire his disciples were still piously celebrating this recurring feast.

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After Life in Roman Paganism: Lectures Delivered at Yale University on the Silliman Foundation by Franz Valery Marie Cumont

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