By David Eldridge
В этой книге предлагается краткий обзор главных культурных событий Америки в 30-х годах XX века: в области литературы и театра, музыки и радио, кино и фотографии, живописи и дизайна, а также ведущей роли федерального правительства в развитии искусств. Книга помогает понять культурные импульсы радикализма, национализма и бегство от действительности, характерные для Соединенных Штатов в 1930-е.Образцы сканов:
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Extra info for American Culture in the 1930s
The Angry Decade Epithets such as the ‘Fervent Years’, the ‘Angry Decade’ and the ‘Years of Protest’ consistently accrue around the 1930s, emphasizing narratives of conflict. Certainly there were times when social struggle seemed to be endemic. On the eve of the 1932 election, General Douglas MacArthur led troops against 15,000 First World War veterans, evicting them and their families from makeshift camps around Washington DC. Unemployed and destitute, most of the men in this ‘Bonus Expeditionary Force’ had come to the capital to demand early payment of a bonus that they were due to receive in 1945; instead they met obstruction in Congress and forceful dispersal by the army they had once served.
The tax bill as a whole generated only $250 million in new revenue, with little redistributive effect. Rhetoric withstanding, class war was never really the philosophy of the New Deal. In fact, the opportunism and political manoeuvring engaged in by Roosevelt presented contemporaries and historians alike with a problem in defining what the philosophy of the New Deal actually was. With fifteen major bills passed by Congress within one hundred days, the first surge of New Deal legislation seemed characterized more by its dynamism than its consistency.
93 But for critics like German émigrés Theodore Adorno, Max Horkeimer and Leo Lowenthal, this mass culture was not one of ‘genuine experience’. In their analysis, it could not reveal or reflect the authentic beliefs and values of the people, because it was a commercial product that sought to manipulate consumers and impose external values (those associated with capitalism) upon them. 94 Anthropological models, though, offered a retort to this in their relativist presumption that every culture should be studied for what it is, rather than judged against arbitrary standards of what it ‘should be’.
American Culture in the 1930s by David Eldridge